Literacy rate in Jharkhand has seen upward trend and is 66.41 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 76.84 percent while female literacy is at 52.04 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Jharkhand stood at 53.56 percent of which male and female were 63.83 percent and 38.87 percent literate respectively.
In order to improve the prospects of education at Jharkhand, the Government has launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, thereby consolidating primary education to all up to the age of 14. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an extensive scheme adopted by the Government and is carried out to universalize primary education in every nook and corner of the state.
Besides, the Government of Jharkhand is also working towards strengthening the basic format of education of Jharkhand. Some of the administrative officers who are working towards this cause are:
- Shri S K Prasad - Director (Primary Education).
- Shri Manikant Azad - Director (Secondary Education).
- Shri Harendra Prasad Singh - Additional Director (Secondary Education).
- Shri Himbachan Sahoo - Director (Higher Secondary).
Prominent bodies working day-night to boost education in the state are:
Jharkhand Academic Council(JAC):
The State of Jharkhand came into existence on the 15th of November,2000 . An Act to establish the Jharkhand Academic Council was enacted by the Jharkhand State Legislature and assented to by the Governor of the State on 26.12.2003, which was known as Jharkhand Academic Council Act 02.7.2003.
The Jharkhand Academic Council was established for holding and conducting examinations at the end of Intermediate, Education, Secondary Education, Sanskrit Education and Madrasa Education and for prescribing courses of studies for such examinations and for recommending for recognition of Intermediate Educational Institutions, High Schools, Sanskrit Schools and Madrasas to the State Government and for carrying out such other or duties assigned to the council by the State Govt from time to time.
Jharkhand Education Project Council(JEPC):
The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002 made education a Fundamental Right for children in the age group of 6-14 years by providing that "the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine".Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has been one such initiative of Government of India. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an effort to universalize elementary education by community-ownership of the school system. It is a response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country. The SSA programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education in a mission mode.
JEPC is an autonomous body registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860. The Council has been established for bringing about a fundamental change in the elementary education system and directly influence the overall socio-cultural scenario. The Council was registered on April 12th, 2001 and since it's inception it has been actively implementing various Projects/Programmes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayalaya (KGBV).
State Board of Technical Education(SBTE):
The State Board of Technical Education came into existence just after the creation of Jharkhand for establishment and monitoring of Technical institutions. The Board is responsible for formulating new courses and Developing Curricula besides working for advancement of Technical Education and Research work. The board is responsible to conduct examination, provide certification and advise the State Government regarding the development of Technical Education and Art&crafts.
The State Board of Technical Education Jharkhand, Ranchi is under the administrative control of the Dep't of Science & Technology, Government of Jharkhand. Since its formation the board is striving continuously for betterment of academic standard of Polytechnics and Women Industrial School (WIS) of this State. The board has introduced the Semester system from the session 2009-10, and updated the curricula in all the Polytechnics.