About The Department
The state with a geographical area of 79,714 km² constitutes 2.42% of the country's area. The total recorded forest area of the state is 23,605 km² which is 29.61% of the geographical area of the state. Of the total recorded forest area, Reserved Forests constitute 18.58%, Protected Forests 81.28%, and Unclassed Forests 0.14%. As per State of Forest Report of Forest Survey of India, forest cover in the state is 22,977 km² which is 28.82% of the state's geographical area. The total forest and tree cover put together, it constitutes about 32.48% of the geographical area of the state against the national average of 23.81%.
Jharkhand Forest Department is one of the important administrative departments of the State with its Headquarters at Ranchi. The department is entrusted with all matters pertaining to forests and forestry; including protecting and conserving forest & wildlife resources of the state through scientific forest management practices within the ambit of policies, acts and rules in vogue.
The main objectives of Jharkhand Forest Department include:
· To sustainably conserve and manage biodiversity-rich ecosystems through in-situ and ex-situ conservation such as National Parks, Sanctuaries, Biological Parks, Breeding Centres and Zoos etc.
· Protection, conservation and scientific management of 23,605 km² of forest lands of the state to meet the various tangible and intangible needs of the present as well as future generations from the forest.
· To meet the livelihood needs of rural population in general and forest dependent communities in particular.
· To reduce pressure on forest through appropriate interventions by way of alternative sources of livelihood.
· To achieve the goal of 33% of state's geographical area under forest and tree cover.
· To carry out research in forestry to improve the management of forest and to address the needs of people who depend on forest for their livelihood.
· To carry out afforestation and reforestation in non-forest land to increase the tree cover outside forests.
· To carry out studies on forests & trees with special focus on climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies.
· To generate public awareness about importance of forests & forestry.
· To impart knowledge and skill to the forest personnel to develop competence for managing the forest and wildlife resources of the state on a sustainable basis.