In Jharkhand, Art and Culture sector has three wings namely cultural affairs, archaeology and museums.
The Cultural Affais sector is responsible for looking after all the activities related to the visual and performing art forms and literature. Thus, in a way it is responsible for overall cultural development of the state. Apart from the development of the art forms, the culture sector is also responsible for the artists and literary persons.
In case of Jharkhand there are about 30 tribes, in which 9 are considered primitive who maintain their separate and independent cultural identity. Cultural affairs sector apart from organising cultural programming of dance, drama, music, painting, Kavi Sammelan, etc... with special emphasis on folk and tribal forms is conducting cultural survey, research and documentation. The study, survey and documentation of the cultural traits of these tribes has been indicated by target in certain specific areas. For the present, survey and research are going on subjects like tribal painting, tattooing, tribal jewelries, tribal musical instruments, tribal dance forms, etc... In the next phase their socio-religious customs like marriage system, child birth rituals, Dhumkuria System, disposal of the dead, etc... will be studied properly. Publication on these subjects and also on their fairs and festivals are being brought out. Research orientated documentary films on such subjects are also being produced.
So far as the annual scheme programmes are concerned, the pogramme calendar has been finalized in a very systematic manner. The programme of talent search, training and workshop, competitions, presentation and promotion are organised in such a way that a talented artist from remote village may get chance to perform on national / international stage. The artists of remarkable achievements are conferred with state Cultural Awards / Honours. For the destitute artists of some standing, Artists Welfare Fund has been created. Specific pogrammes for children have been introduced.
For tribals and other rural artists also some specific pogrammes of training and competition are organised. Grant-in-aid is also given to cultural organisations.
For giving a boost to the cultural movement in the state, a Multi-Purpose Cultural Complex with the symbolic tribal name of Dhumdia Bhavan is being constructed in the state capital very soon. Besides there is a proposal to construct a modern Auditorium with all necessary modern light sound equipment in all district head quarters.
Jharkhand Government is also working with collaboration with zonal cultural centres, Art Academies and Indian Council for Cultural Relations of Government of India for the cultural development of the state. Inter State Cultural Exchange programme are organised in collaboration with these organisations.
Under the cultural affairs sector there are two cultural organisations of the department. The State Chhau dance centre is already functional at Saraikala and is popular as a famous Chau training centre in the world. The other State organisation is Jharkhand Kala Mandir which has been registered recently to conduct research and training programmes in the state. Besides two primer cultural organisations namely Jharkhand Sangeet Natak Academy for performing arts and Jharkhand Lalit Kala Academy for visual arts are also in the offering.